In April 2014 European Court of Justice (CJEU) struck down the UK’s existing laws on communications monitoring because it breached EU privacy laws.
A new data retention law was prepared and will pass with fast track legislation under conditions of emergency security legislation at short. Telecommunication companies would have to keep records of metadata for each communication and the addresses of websites visited by their customers for at least 12 months.
Prime Minister Cameron said, the emergency security legislation for passing the new bill is required because danger of terrorism, partially because of return of people from terrorism groups in Iraq and Syria:
The ability to access information about communications and intercept the communications of dangerous individuals is essential to fight the threat from criminals and terrorists targeting the UK